2 edition of Literature review on factors affecting shrub response to herbicides found in the catalog.
Literature review on factors affecting shrub response to herbicides
Donald G. Smith
by State of Colorado, Dept. of Game, Fish, and Parks, Game Research Division in [Denver]
Written in English
|Other titles||Shrub response to herbicides.|
|Statement||by Donald G. Smith.|
|Series||Special report -- no. 5., Special report (Colorado. Game, Fish, and Parks Dept.) -- no. 5.|
|Contributions||Colorado. Game Research Division.|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||iv, 15 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||15|
Factors influencing susceptibility of plants to herbicides Susceptibility often decreases with age or maturity Older plants more difficult to control than younger ones Rosettes controlled but bolted plants are more difficult Mustard and dandelion, any stage Plants growing rapidly are most susceptible Rosette technique (p. WCG). H erbicides control weeds by inhibiting a variety of metabolic systems and are categorized based on their mode of action. A significant portion of commercial herbicides target the inhibition of essential plant‐specific processes, such as photosynthesis, to minimize possible harmful effects on humans and the environment (Ashton and Crafts, ).For example, several herbicides specifically.
A Review and Synthesis of the Scientiﬁ c Literature and Simulation Model Projections synthesized the scientiﬁ c literature on plant growth, reproduction, and mortality in response to changing climate and disturbance regimes, and on the ability of plants to adapt to these changes through phenotypic plasticity, local adaptation. This review covers recent developments and trends in herbicide-resistant (HR) weed management in agronomic field crops. In countries where input-intensive agriculture is practiced, these developments and trends over the past decade include renewed efforts by the agrichemical industry in herbicide discovery, cultivation of crops with combined (stacked) HR traits, increasing reliance on.
Worldwide, herbicides remain the most efficient and widely used technology for large-scale weed control. Therefore, the widespread evolution of herbicide resistance in weed populations within intensive crop production systems is a major threat to the sustainability and profitability of cropping systems. Weeds are other serious factors that affect plant growth to a great extent through the competition for moisture, nutrients, sunlight and other biochemical interference or allelopathy. Weeds are known to produce and release harmful substances into the root environment. Environmental Factor # 8. Supply of Nutrient Elements.
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Get this from a library. A literature review on factors affecting shrub response to herbicides. [Donald G Smith; Colorado. Game Research Division.]. Herbicides that inhibit the enzyme protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PROTOX) are usually effective to control dicotyledonous weeds and their agronomic efficacy is affected by environmental and physiological factors.
The objective of this review is to summarize the knowledge of those factors available in the scientific literature in the last by: However, herbicide-resistant and other non-target plants may increase in abundance with herbicide exposure, due to reduced competitive pressure from affected plants.
Top of Page This section presents an annotated bibliography of references providing information on stressor-response relationships for herbicides, as well as general background on. Herbicide performance can vary greatly depending on a number of factors. These can include compatibility of herbicides, water quality, sprayer decontamination and controlling stressed weeds.
This page outlines these issues and demonstrates how to assess herbicide performance to achieve the best from your herbicides. Here, we discuss the effects of environmental factors such as light, CO 2, temperature, soil moisture, relative humidity, rainfall, and wind on herbicide action in plants.
These factors can affect herbicide efficacy directly by altering the penetration and translocation of herbicides within the plant or indirectly by changing the growth and Cited by: Citing Literature Number of times cited according to CrossRef: 2 Montinee Teerarak, Patchanee Charoenying and Chamroon Laosinwattana, Physiological and cellular mechanisms of natural herbicide resource from Aglaia odorata Lour.
on bioassay plants, Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 34, 4. This two-part series discusses environmental factors and herbicide properties that influence the environmental fate of several herbicides used on range, pasture and natural areas. Figure 1. Herbicides dissipate in the environment through absorption and detoxification by plants, volatilization, photodecomposition, and other degradation and.
However, emerging evidence has suggested that herbicides can affect factors such as bee navigation, learning and larval development [33–35] whereas fungicides can affect food consumption, metabolism and the immune response [36–38].
Bees may be exposed to these compounds directly via contact exposure during or after application, or via oral. External barriers of plants like cuticle, waxes, cell wall etc.
affect herbicide absorp- tion and action. Glyphosate, 2,4-D and dicamba are foliar applied herbicide. The ecological factors that affect the growth of plants and determine the nature of plant communities are divided into three types. The three types of ecological factors are: (1) Climatic factors which include rainfall, atmospheric humidity, wind, atmospheric gases, temperature and light (2) Physiographic factors which include altitude, effect of steepness and sunlight on vegetation and.
of herbicide resistance, herbicides stability and effectiveness in the field, integration of chemical control with other methods of weed control are all dealt with. The chapter also covered the interaction between weeds and crop plants and the responses of both to herbicides and environmental conditions.
Impact of the interaction between the three. Environmental factors that affect plant growth include light, temperature, water, humidity, and nutrition. It is important to understand how these factors affect plant growth and development. With a basic understanding of these factors, you may be able to manipulate plants to meet your needs, whether for increased leaf, flower, or fruit production.
Herbicide Properties Weed Control Methods Handbook, The Nature Conservancy, Tu et al. Herbicides belong to a group of chemicals known as pesticides, which prevent, destroy, repel, or mitigate any pest.
Herbicides are any chemical substance that is used to specifically kill plants. Other familiar pesticides are insecticides, rodenticides, and.
One of the most important abiotic stresses affecting plants is water stress. A plant requires a certain amount of water for its optimal survival; too much water (flooding stress) can cause plant cells to swell and burst; whereas drought stress (too little water) can cause the plant to dry up, a condition called desiccation.
Singla, S.G. Krattinger, in Encyclopedia of Food Grains (Second Edition), Introduction. Biotic stress in plants is caused by living organisms, specifically viruses, bacteria, fungi, nematodes, insects, arachnids, and weeds.
In contrast to abiotic stress caused by environmental factors such as drought and heat, biotic stress agents directly deprive their host of its nutrients leading.
Section 3 of the Understanding Herbicides Series. Herbicides must overcome biological and environmental barriers to control a target plant. In this article, learn the general processes by which herbicides control invasive plants and environmental factors that can influence herbicide performance.
Christine McManamen, Cara R. Nelson, Viktoria Wagner, Timing of seeding after herbicide application influences rates of germination and seedling biomass of native plants used for grassland restoration, Restoration Ecology, /rec, 26, 6, (), ().
Use contact herbicides when the plants. plants were exposed to the sunlight for 7 days b y affecting closure in canals. A great deal of literature is available on the. Factors affecting agricultural productivity There are various factors that can affect productivity either directly or indirectly.
Agricultural output and input affect the growth of the productivity directly. However factors such as decreasing number of farmers, land reform and others. According to the literature reports, for example, SMs accumulation is strongly dependent on a variety of environmental factors such as light, temperature, soil water, soil fertility and salinity, and for most plants, a change in an individual factor may alter the content of SMs even if other factors remain constant.
Here, we review with. Herbicides and Conservation Agriculture “In order for CA to be practiced on a large area by smallholder farmers, there is need for research on the economical feasibility of using herbicides for early season weed control.” 12 “The use of herbicides in conservation agriculture systems can be recommended in most farming circumstances; it controls weed species that are difficult to manage.Plant disease - Plant disease - Toxic chemicals: Many complex chemicals are routinely applied to plants to prevent attack by insects, mites, and pathogens; to kill weeds; or to control growth.
Serious damage may result when fertilizers, herbicides, fumigants, growth regulators, antidesiccants, insecticides, miticides, fungicides, nematicides, and surfactants (substances with enhanced wetting.nial plant species begin to move food back into their roots, and more translocated herbicide moves to the root as well.
Figure depicts a generalized representation of post-emergence herbicide effectiveness on annual, biennial, and perennial weeds as influenced by .